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At Butchers Showcase Jewellers we aim help you to choose the right combination of quality and value in all your jewellery purchases. We stock a wide range of Diamond Rings, Pendants and Earrings in-store.
When you are planning on purchasing a diamond it is important that you know as much as possible about how diamonds are classified. There are four topics you need to become familiar with Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat Weight, known as the four C's.
This is the weight of a diamond measured in carats. As the carat weight of a diamond increases so does its rarity and therefore its price.
One carat is divided into 100 "points," so that a diamond of 75 points weights .75 carats. The carat-weight of a diamond is the easiest measurement to determine.
Most importantly, two diamonds can be of equal carat-weight, but their value can differ greatly due to their cut, colour, and clarity.
Every diamond regardless of its shape gets it brilliancy and scintillation by cutting and polishing the diamond facets to allow the maximum amount of light that enters through its top to be reflected and dispersed back through its top. A correctly cut, "well made", stone is pictured in diagram 1. As you can see if the angles are correct the light that enters is dispersed properly back through the diamond's top facets.
When a stone is cut too shallow (diagram2) or too deep (diagram3) the light that enters through the top is allowed to escape through the diamond's bottom and does not allow the maximum beauty of the diamond to be realised.
The best color for a diamond is no color at all. A totally colorless diamond allows light to pass through it easily, resulting in the light being dispersed as the color of the rainbow. Diamond are graded by the letters D to Z, Where D is Colourless and Z is a saturated yellowish brown.
The differences from one grade to the other are very subtle and it takes a trained eye and years of experience to color grade a diamond.
There is an exception to fancy-colour diamonds, such as pink and blues, which lie outside this colour range.
The clarity of a diamond is determined by the amount and location of flaws, or blemishes in the diamond. Clarity grades in diamonds are mainly rated from Flawless (FL) to Imperfect 3 (I3).
Most diamonds contain very tiny birthmarks known as "inclusions." An inclusion can interfere with the light passing through the diamond. The fewer the inclusions, the more beautiful the diamond will be.
Diamonds can be cut in various shapes. Fancy shapes is the term given to non round shapes.
Rounds are by far the most popular shape. Princess cut is the most popular fancy shape.